black blood spots before & after periods

Causes of Black Period Blood

We have read and learned about the reproductive system of a female body in our school days. And as we grew, we learned through our experience how to tackle those difficult days of the month. Body ache, cramps, wetness are the most common problems that you may face during periods. For some, it is a cake walk.

They do not have any kind of problem apart from changing napkins from time to time. But for few others, period days are most difficult. Doing daily chores is a task for few as they have unbearable cramps and pain in their lower back. Few don’t have any problem even while doing sports activity. But for others, it may be a daunting task just to walk a few steps during those days.

Periods may last for only three days for some. But for others, it may last up to 8 to 9 days, and if you have spotting before periods, it may be quite frustrating. You may have to run for a napkin in between your important meeting. That embarrassing moment when you have to hide your stained back, it is just unforgettable. Untimely spotting can give you sleepless nights. You may be thinking that there is something wrong with your reproductive system. Or you are suffering from one or the other chronic disease. But before going into the details, let’s first understand what precisely the black period is.

Black Spotting between Menstruation Periods

The Normal human menstrual cycle is about 28 days. You will get your next period after 28 days. But this is not necessary, as some women have their menstrual cycle of 30 days and some may have 35 days. Some women have a menstrual period of around 25 days. Elder women in their 490s or 50s who are nearing their menopause, have a less frequent menstrual cycle.

So when you have a spot on your panty after your previous period and before your next period, it is a vaginal bleeding that is known as spotting. There are many reasons for spotting; it may be a serious one or not so serious. Spotting can be a drop or two of blood, or it may resemble periods. To ascertain that the blood spot is from the vagina, cervix or uterus only and not from the rectum or urine, you may insert a tampon and check for yourself.

Some ways can confirm that the spotting is from the vagina or other reproductive internal organs such as internal checkup by your gynecologist. It is also necessary to distinguish spotting from bleeding. Spotting is just a drop or two of blood. It may just stain your panty lining. But in bleeding, you need to have a napkin. Spotting may not require a towel. Spotting is light vaginal bleeding.

Reasons for Spotting Dark Black Period Blood

First Period

Some girls may experience spotting as their first periods. It may be an indicator that now you’re going to be a woman. The first few cycles are quite irregular. You may be quite confused about your next periods. You may have black periods due to some hormonal problem when the uterine lining shed at the wrong time of the month.

New Contraceptive

Spotting is the usual side effect of any of the contraceptive techniques. Millions of women around the globe use different contraceptive techniques. Spotting may occur if you have started with the new technique or switching between the methods. Many contraception techniques change or after your estrogen level that may lead to spotting. When you are beginning with the then-new method, then your body tries to adjust to this new system which may cause spotting for 2 to 3 months. You have to be quite regular with your oral contraceptive pills. If you have missed popping your pill, then it is most likely that you may have to spot.


During the very early pregnancy some may have to spot. When the fertilized egg attaches itself to the walls of the uterus, then there may be vaginal spotting or implantation spotting. Tiny blood vessels may erupt when the embryo implants in the uterus. This kind of spotting may occur after 5 to 10 days after conception. The blood discharge during this kind of spot is slightly different from your regular periods. Some women may experience cramps along with spotting. You need to confirm your pregnancy via other methods too. After confirmation, do not forget to visit your doctor, who will do different regular checkups for the well-being of you and your child.


It is entirely reasonable for women to spot during ovulation. You need not be worried about it at all. Your estrogen level is quite high during this period, and you are most fertile. Due to this hormonal change, many women have black spotting or black periods.


When you are in your late 40s or early 50s and approaching your menopause, then light bleeding or pink or brown spotting is quite reasonable. Your periods become quite irregular, and there are hormonal changes that may lead to mood swings also. Bleeding in some women does not stop even after menopause. You need to see the doctor in this case.

Dryness in Vagina

This is the most common cause of the spotting. Due to changes in estrogen, vaginal tissues dry up, and they are no longer moist or elastic. There may be many reasons for vaginal dryness like post-delivery conditions, sexual intercourse, a side effect of medicines and various contraceptive techniques.


In today’s world, finding a peaceful time is very difficult. People have stress related to their work as well as in a personal relationship. It may lead to many diseases that may alter the levels of various hormones in our body. Change in the hormonal levels due to stress may sometimes cause spotting. Estrogen and progesterone are not maintained at an ideal level in your body when you are stressed out.

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