If you are around 30 years of age and are sexually active, you stand 20 percent chance of conceiving each month. And truth be told, even the most effective birth control methods are not 100 percent pregnancy-proof. There always remains a possibility of error. After all, only one sperm is potent enough to fertilize your egg. But then again, finding out if you are pregnant or not is as easy as taking a homemade pregnancy test or an over-the-counter test. The home pregnancy kits are 99 percent effective if you take one after a missed period. However, to be surer, you can always get a test done in a medical laboratory.
How Soon Can You take the Pregnancy Test?
To get the most accurate result, hold on your patience and curiosity and take the pregnancy test after waiting a week after your missed period. However, if you do not want to wait that long, give it a week or two after you have had sex. This is because in case you are pregnant, the body will require some time to achieve higher levels of HCG which can be detected in a test. Usually, the time for that is seven to twelve days after an ovum, or an egg has successfully implanted itself in the uterus. If you take the test earlier than this, you could get an inaccurate result.
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Signs Indicating Possible Pregnancy
There are certain symptoms which are very common during pregnancy. Although many of these symptoms are also similar to PMS, paying close attention to the various other signals can make you give you better clues if you are pregnant.
This is one of the first signs that can cause one to become suspicious of pregnancy. But if you do not track your cycle it may not be easy determining whether you are getting late. While most women have a 28-day cycle, not all of them menstruate after the same number of days. For some, it is more just like for others it could be lesser. Having said that, if you have crossed more than a month without having a period it is high time to take a test. But also, keep in mind that periods delayed sometimes or skipped, and there could be various factors or medical conditions for them. For example, diet, overworking and stress can sometimes cause these conditions. It is also very important to pay attention to the flow of blood. A little period or light period can occur if you are pregnant. This is characterized by a little bleeding with a pinkish or dark brown colored discharge. In pregnancy, it is a sign that the egg has implanted itself in the uterus.
Lower Abdominal Cramps
Pregnancy symptoms are much like the pre-menstrual symptoms. For example, you could be experiencing mild to sharp pains in your lower abdomen. While you would just dismiss it as another PMS, it’s time to take a test when your period also never arrives even after the seeming PMS.
A sudden increase in your frequency of urination is yet another indicator of a possible pregnancy. This happens because of the increased blood flow to the kidneys. The extra blood makes the kidneys produce 25 percent more urine after conceiving.
If you are pregnant, your body will gradually begin to raise its levels of progesterone and estrogen hormones. These are the two hormones which bring about the physical changes to create a favorable environment for the baby’s growth. This also causes the breasts to enlarge as the blood flow increases and they feel tender than normal. The nipples may be painful, and the veins under the skin may become more prominent. This is yet another pregnancy symptom which is common to PMS. Only a missed period can confirm these symptoms.
Food Aversions or Cravings
Hormonal changes also trigger cravings for certain foods or aversions. The hCG or the chorionic gonadotropin hormone doubles every few days in the first few months of pregnancy. Thus, if you are pregnant, sudden food aversions or cravings should be taken a note. The aversions could also be associated with nausea and loss of appetite as a part of the morning sickness.
If you are usually fit and energetic, a sudden and unexplained tiredness could be a possible signal of pregnancy. When one becomes newly pregnant, feeling extremely fatigued is quite normal. This fatigue continues throughout the first 12 weeks of conceiving. While it is a good idea to sleep well but if even after a restful sleep of 10 to 12 hours you are lethargic, it’s time for a pregnancy test. This happens as the body adjusts to the big changes in your metabolism that is pre-preparatory for the baby’s growth.
In most cases of pregnancy, morning sickness kicks in around the fourth week of pregnancy. If you are plagued by sudden signs like nausea, heartburn and even vomiting, take it as an important indication of a possible pregnancy.